Учебник English Grammar In Use

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English Grammar in Use, Murphy R, 2012

English Grammar in Use — чрезвычайно популярный учебник английской грамматики, написанный учителем английского как иностранного Реймондом Мерфи. Общий тираж этого пособия — более десяти миллионов экземпляров. «The blue Murphy», как называют этот учебник учителя из Великобритании, пользуется заслуженным признанием как у преподавателей, так и у изучающих английский язык.

Книга удачно соединяет в себе и справочник по английской грамматике, и сборник упражнений на закрепление пройденного. Она разбита на 136 разделов (юнитов — Units), каждый из которых объясняет и закрепляет определенный аспект грамматики и занимает целый разворот: на левой половине — теория, на правой — практика. Все юниты независимы и могут быть пройдены в любом порядке.

Exercises.

Аге the underlined verbs right or wrong? Correct them where necessary.

1 Ben is a friend of mine. I know him very well.

2 Ben is a friend of mine. I know him for a long time.

3 Sarah and Adam are married since July.

4 The weather is awful. It’s raining again.

5 The weather is awful. It’s raining all day.

6 I like your house. How long are you living there?

7 Gary is working in a shop for the last few months.

8 I don’t know Tom well. We’ve only met a few times.

9 I gave up drinking coffee. I don’t drink it for a year.

10 That’s a very old bike. How long do you have it?

Read the situations and write questions from the words in brackets.

1 A friend tells you that Paul is in hospital. You ask him: (how long / be / in hospital?)

2 You meet a woman who tells you that she teaches English. You ask her: (how long / teach / English?)

3 You know that Jane is a good friend of Katherine’s. You ask Jane: (how long / know / Katherine?)

4 Your friend’s brother went to Australia some time ago and he’s still there. You ask your friend: (how long / be / in Australia?)

5 Tom always wears the same jacket. It’s a very old jacket. You ask him: (how long / have / that jacket?)

6 You are talking to a friend about Joe. Joe now works at the airport. You ask your friend: (how long / work / at the airport?)

7 A friend of yours is having guitar lessons. You ask him: (how long/have/guitar lessons?)

8 You meet somebody on a plane. She says that she lives in Chicago. You ask her: (always / live / in Chicago?).

Contents

To the student viii

To the teacher x

Present and past

1 Present continuous (I am doing)

2 Present simple (I do)

3 Present continuous and present simple 1 (I am doing and I do)

4 Present continuous and present simple 2 (I am doing and I do)

5 Past simple (I did)

6 Past continuous (I was doing)

Present perfect and past

7 Present perfect 1 (I have done)

8 Present perfect 2 (I have done)

9 Present perfect continuous (I have been doing)

10 Present perfect continuous and simple (I have been doing and I have done)

11 How long have you (been). ?

12 For and since When . ? and How long . ?

13 Present perfect and past 1 (I have done and I did)

14 Present perfect and past 2 (I have done and I did)

15 Past perfect (I had done)

16 Past perfect continuous (I had been doing)

17 Have and have got

Future

19 Present tenses (I am doing /1 do) for the future

20 (I’m) going to (do)

23 I will and I’m going to

24 Will be doing and will have done

25 When I do/When I’ve done When and if

Modals

26 Can, could and (be) able to

27 Could (do) and could have (done)

28 Must and can’t

29 May and might 1

30 May and might 2

31 Have to and must

32 Must mustn’t needn’t

35 Had better It’s time.

37 Can/Could/Would you . ? etc. (Requests, offers, permission and invitations)

If and wish

38 If I do . and If I did .

39 If I knew. I wish I knew .

40 If I had known . I wish I had known .

Passive

42 Passive 1 (is done / was done)

43 Passive 2 (be done / been done / being done)

45 It is said that. He is said to . He is supposed to .

46 Have something done

Reported speech

47 Reported speech 1 (He said that. )

48 Reported speech 2

Questions and auxiliary verbs

50 Questions 2 (Do you know where. ? / He asked me where . )

51 Auxiliary verbs (have/do/can etc.) I think so/I hope so etc.

52 Question tags (do you? isn’t it? etc.)

-ing and to.

53 Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing etc.)

54 Verb + to . (decide to . / forget to . etc.)

55 Verb (+ object) + to . (I want you to . etc.)

56 Verb + -ing or to . 1 (remember/regret etc.)

57 Verb + -ing or to . 2 (try/need/help)

58 Verb + -ing or to . 3 (like / would like etc.)

59 Prefer and would rather

60 Preposition (in/for/about etc.) + -ing

61 Be/get used to something (I’m used to . )

62 Verb + preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing / accuse somebody of -ing etc.)

63 Expressions + -ing

64 To . for. and so that.

65 Adjective + to .

66 To . (afraid to do) and preposition + -ing (afraid of -ing)

67 See somebody do and see somebody doing

68 -ing clauses (Feeling tired, I went to bed early.)

Articles and nouns

69 Countable and uncountable 1

70 Countable and uncountable 2

71 Countable nouns with a/an and some

74 The 2 (school / the school etc.)

75 The 3 (children / the children)

76 The 4 (the giraffe / the telephone / the piano etc., the + adjective)

77 Names with and without the 1

78 Names with and without the 2

79 Singular and plural

80 Noun + noun (a tennis ball / a headache)

81 -‘s (your sister’s name) and of. (the name of the book)

Pronouns and determiners

82 Myself/yourself/themselves etc.

83 A friend of mine My own house On my own / by myself

84 There . and it.

85 Some and any

86 No/none/any Nothing/nobody etc.

87 Much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty

88 All/all of most/most of no / none of etc.

89 Both / both of neither / neither of either / either of

90 All, every and whole

91 Each and every

Relative clauses

92 Relative clauses 1: clauses with who/that/which

93 Relative clauses 2: clauses with and without who/that/which

94 Relative clauses 3: whose/whom/where

95 Relative clauses 4: extra information clauses (1)

96 Relative clauses 5: extra information clauses (2)

97 -ing and -ed clauses (the woman talking to Tom, the boy injured in the accident)

Adjectives and adverbs

98 Adjectives ending in -ing and -ed (boring/bored etc.)

99 Adjectives: a nice new house, you look tired

100 Adjectives and adverbs 1 (quick/quickly)

101 Adjectives and adverbs 2 (well/fast/late, hard/hardly)

102 So and such

103 Enough and too

104 Quite, pretty, rather and fairly

105 Comparison 1 (cheaper, more expensive etc.)

106 Comparison 2 (much better / any better / better and better / the sooner the better)

107 Comparison 3 (as . as / than)

108 Superlatives (the longest, the most enjoyable etc.)

109 Word order 1: verb + object; place and time

110 Word order 2: adverbs with the verb

111 Still, yet and already Any more / any longer / no longer

Conjunctions and prepositions

113 Although/though/even though In spite of / despite

115 Unless As long as Provided/providing

116 As (As I walked along the street. / As I was hungry . )

117 Like and as

118 Like/as if/as though

119 For, during and while

120 By and until By the time.

Prepositions

121 At/on/in (time)

122 On time and in time At the end and in the end

123 In/at/on (position) 1

124 In/at/on (position) 2

125 In/at/on (position) 3

127 In/on/at (other uses)

129 Noun + preposition (reason for, cause of etc.)

130 Adjective + preposition 1

131 Adjective + preposition 2

132 Verb + preposition 1 to and at

133 Verb + preposition 2 about/for/of/after

134 Verb + preposition 3 about and of

135 Verb + preposition 4 of/for/from/on

136 Verb + preposition 5 in/into/with/to/on

Phrasal verbs

137 Phrasal verbs 1 General points

138 Phrasal verbs 2 in/out

139 Phrasal verbs 3 out

140 Phrasal verbs 4 on/off (1)

141 Phrasal verbs 5 on/off (2)

142 Phrasal verbs 6 up/down

143 Phrasal verbs 7 up (1)

144 Phrasal verbs 8 up (2)

145 Phrasal verbs 9 away/back

Appendix 1 Regular and irregular verbs 292

Appendix 2 Present and past tenses 294

Appendix 3 The future 295

Appendix 4 Modal verbs (can/could/will/would etc.) 296

Appendix 5 Short forms (I’m/you’ve/didn’t etc.) 297

Appendix 6 Spelling 298

Appendix 7 American English 300

Additional exercises 302

Study guide 326

Key to Exercises 336

Key to Additional exercises 368

Key to Study guide 372

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